Juvenile Justice in Illinois: A Data Snapshot (April 2014)
Nationally, there’s been a steady decrease in the rate of violent crime committed by juveniles over the past fifteen years. In 2011, the serious violent crime1 offending rate was 6 crimes per 1,000 juveniles ages 12–17, with a total of 154,000 such crimes involving juveniles. This was similar to the rate in 2010, but it was significantly lower than the 1993 peak rate of 52 crimes per 1,000 juveniles ages 12–17.
Yet, for years, more and more juveniles were being arrested and locked up. This trend has been reversed in the past few years. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2014), there were 1.47 million arrests of young people under 18 years old in 2011, an 11 percent decrease since 2010. In addition:
“In 2011, arrests of juveniles for Violent Crime Index offenses (murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault) were down ten percent from 2010, continuing a recent decline. Between 2007 and 2011, juvenile arrests for these violent offenses fell considerably: murder (down 37 percent), forcible rape (down 22 percent), robbery (down 31 percent) and aggravated assault (down 29 percent).” 2